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Common Equine Health Problems and How to Prevent Them

Updated: Jan 25, 2023


Horses while they are hardy animals, they are still susceptible to a variety of health problems. Equine health problems can range from minor to serious and can be caused by environmental factors, genetics, or a combination of both. Fortunately, there are steps horse owners can take to reduce the risk of these issues.


One of the most common problems is lameness. Lameness can be caused by a variety of factors, including injury, infection, and conformation issues. To reduce the risk of lameness, it’s important to keep your horse’s feet in good condition. Regular farrier care, proper nutrition, and proper exercise are all essential for maintaining healthy feet. Additionally, it’s important to inspect your horse’s feet and legs on a regular basis for any signs of injury or infection.


Another common equine health problem is colic. Colic is an umbrella term for a variety of gastrointestinal issues and can range from mild to severe. To reduce the risk of colic, it’s important to provide your horse with a balanced diet, as well as access to plenty of clean, fresh water.


Additionally, it’s important to minimize stress and ensure that your horse is getting adequate exercise. It’s also important to be aware of common skin conditions in horses, such as mud fever, rain rot, and scratches. These conditions are typically caused by wet and muddy conditions, as well as poor nutrition and inadequate grooming. To reduce the risk of these conditions, it’s important to properly groom your horse, and provide them with a balanced diet.


Finally, it’s important to be aware of common equine diseases, such as equine influenza, equine herpesvirus, and equine infectious anemia. Vaccines can help reduce the risk of these diseases, so it’s important to ensure that your horse is up-to-date on their vaccinations.


By taking steps to reduce the risk of common equine health problems, you can help keep your horse healthy and happy.


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