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Protecting Your Horse's Hooves: The Importance of Sealing Nail Holes After Shoeing

The health and well-being of a horse's hooves are of utmost importance to every responsible horse owner. Regular hoof maintenance, including shoeing, is crucial to ensure that the horse remains sound and comfortable. After a horse has been shod, one common concern is the presence of nail holes in the hoof wall. These holes, if not properly sealed, can become a gateway for infections to enter the hoof. In this article, we'll explore the importance of sealing nail holes and discuss some of the best sealants to use for this purpose.

Why Seal Nail Holes?

Nail holes are an integral part of horseshoeing, as they secure the shoes to the hoof wall. However, these holes create small openings in the hoof, potentially allowing harmful bacteria, fungi, and debris to infiltrate the sensitive inner structures. If left untreated, an infection can develop, leading to pain, lameness, and even severe hoof issues.

Sealing nail holes serves several critical purposes:

  1. Infection Prevention: Sealing the holes with the right sealant helps create a protective barrier, preventing dirt, bacteria, and other pathogens from entering the hoof.

  2. Maintaining Hoof Integrity: A well-sealed nail hole can help maintain the structural integrity of the hoof wall and prevent cracking or further damage.

  3. Enhancing Hoof Aesthetics: Sealants can also improve the appearance of the hoof, giving it a cleaner and more polished look.

Best Sealants for Nail Holes

Selecting the right sealant is essential to ensure the effectiveness of the sealing process.

There are various sealants available, but some of the best options include:

  1. Hoof Putty: Hoof putty is a popular choice for sealing nail holes. It's easy to apply and molds well to the shape of the hole. Hoof putty is often made from materials like silicone, acrylics, or other synthetic compounds that are resistant to moisture and provide an effective barrier against infection.

  2. Epoxy Resin: Epoxy resin is a strong, durable, and long-lasting sealant. It adheres well to the hoof wall and creates an effective barrier. It's also resistant to moisture and is commonly used to protect against infection and maintain hoof integrity.

  3. Sole-Guard: Sole-Guard is a liquid product that hardens into a resilient rubbery substance. It not only seals nail holes but can also provide additional support and cushioning to the sole. This sealant is highly effective in protecting the hoof from infections and is often used in therapeutic shoeing.

  4. Vettec Products: Vettec offers a range of adhesive products specifically designed for hoof care. These products are often used by professional farriers to seal nail holes and provide additional support to the hoof. They are highly durable and resistant to moisture.

Application Process

Sealing nail holes should be performed by a trained and experienced farrier or veterinarian.

The general process involved

  1. Cleaning: The hoof should be thoroughly cleaned to remove any debris, dirt, or moisture from the nail holes.

  2. Application: The chosen sealant is applied directly to the nail holes. The farrier or veterinarian will ensure that the sealant fills the holes completely and creates a watertight barrier.

  3. Curing: Some sealants, like epoxy resin, require time to cure. The horse should be kept in a clean and dry environment during this period to ensure proper adhesion.

  4. Regular Maintenance: It's essential to monitor the sealed nail holes regularly and reapply the sealant as needed. The farrier may recommend a schedule for maintenance based on the specific product used and the horse's activities.


Sealing nail holes in shod horses is a crucial step in hoof care that should not be overlooked. Preventing infections in the hoof is essential for the horse's overall health and soundness. The choice of sealant depends on the specific needs of the horse and the recommendations of a qualified farrier or veterinarian. With proper sealing and maintenance, you can help ensure your horse's hooves remain strong and healthy, allowing them to perform at their best.

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